What Causes Muscular Torticollis?

The cause of congenital muscular torticollis is unknown, however, it may be related to abnormal positioning (breech position, for example) or “crowding” of the baby while in the uterus. This results in an injury to the neck muscle that scars as it heals.

What Is Muscular Torticollis?

Congenital muscular torticollis is a condition in which an infant’s neck muscle is shortened causing the neck to twist. Congenital means present at birth and torticollis means twisted neck. The condition is sometimes called wryneck.

What Muscle Does Torticollis Affect?


How Do You Get Torticollis?

Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical ligaments from a viral infection, injury, or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include: Sleeping in an awkward position. Neck muscle injury at birth.

Is Torticollis A Birth Defect?

Torticollis is a problem involving the muscles of the neck that causes the head to tilt down. The term comes from two Latin words: tortus, which means twisted, and collum, which means neck. Sometimes it’s called “wryneck.” If your baby has the condition at birth, it’s called congenital muscular torticollis.

How Does Torticollis Happen?

Infant torticollis happens when the muscles that connect the breastbone and collarbone to the skull (sternocleidomastoid muscle) are shortened. Because your baby’s neck muscle is shortened on one side of the neck, it pulls their head into a tilt or rotation, and often both.

Which Side Is Tight In Torticollis?

Babies with right torticollis have tight muscles on the right side of the neck. This means that your baby prefers to tip her head to HER right and prefers to look to HER left.

Can You Get Torticollis More Than Once?

Wryneck in infants is common, with some sources reporting that it affects 3 in every 100 babies. In most infants, the condition is easily treatable. Benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy (BPTI) is a much rarer medical disorder in infants where the baby experiences recurrent episodes of the head tilting to one side.

How Is Torticollis Prevented?

Here are a few ways to help prevent torticollis: Provide supervised tummy time while baby is awake, at least three times a day. Change your baby’s position often when she is awake. Limit the amount of time your baby rests in positioning devices, like car seats, bouncy chairs, baby swings and strollers.

What Is Acquired Torticollis?

Acquired torticollis The head tilts to one side while the chin tilts to the other. With a condition called benign paroxysmal torticollis, there may be recurrent episodes, or “attacks,” of head tilting; often these attacks are accompanied by other symptoms, such as vomiting, irritability and/or drowsiness.

Is Torticollis A Neurological Condition?

Spasmodic torticollis is an extremely painful chronic neurological movement disorder causing the neck to involuntarily turn to the left, right, upwards, and/or downwards. The condition is also referred to as “cervical dystonia”.

Is Torticollis A Disability?

Answer: You may be able to get Social Security disability for spasmodic torticollis. Social Security has no specific criteria for granting disability based upon spasmodic torticollis. Spasmodic torticollis, also called cervical dystonia or wryneck, is not something we see every day but it’s not all that rare either.

Can Chiropractic Help Torticollis?

Treatment for torticollis can vary, however chiropractic may be an option that is all natural and safe. Through manipulation of the spine, cranial alignment and soft tissue therapy, chiropractic techniques may be able to bring about a solution to childhood torticollis.

How Do Adults Get Torticollis?

In adults, many different conditions can cause acute torticollis. Injuries to the cervical spine or neck muscles often result in spasm of the muscles, leading to the twisting of the head, characteristic of torticollis. Other causes include infection of the head or neck.

What Does Torticollis Look Like In Adults?

Characteristics/Clinical Presentation. Adult torticollis, also known as cervical dystonia, presents as the rotation of the head or chin towards the shoulder. Repetitive jerking of the head may be present with spasms that can be intermittent, clonic, or tremulous.

Can A Virus Cause Torticollis?

Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical ligaments from a viral infection, injury, or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include: Sleeping in an awkward position. Neck muscle injury at birth.

Does Massage Help Torticollis?

Treatment. Treatment for torticollis involves: Stretch the muscles regularly at home and possibly with a physical therapist. Massage the neck and back muscles and use a warm wash cloth to loosen the muscles before stretching.

Is Torticollis Serious?

This condition, sometimes called wryneck, is relatively common in children. In contrast to congenital muscular torticollis, there is usually no facial asymmetry with acquired torticollis. Acquired torticollis can be benign (not serious) or a sign of more serious health issues.

How Long Does It Take To Correct Torticollis?

Most babies with torticollis get better through position changes and stretching exercises. It might take up to 6 months to go away completely, and in some cases can take a year or longer.